Determining evidence-based interventions for use in practice can be challenging. Efficacy research, which employs strict standardization of a manual or protocol, randomized control trials, and comparisons to other treatments or placebos, reveals how strongly an intervention creates change or improves functioning. However, one criticism of efficacy research is its inability to predict how or if an intervention will work within real-world, less-controlled settings. Many issues surround effective implementation of evidence-based treatments into practice (Chorpita, 2003). Much of existing intervention research in psychology is limited to Stage I: Treatment Efficacy (Chorpita). This project addresses Stage III: Effectiveness: Dissemination by employing an evidence-to-practice model of research applied to the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) under highly naturalistic conditions.
Bibliography: Walcott, C., Carlson, J., Beamon, H. (in press) Copyright 2009 by the National Association of School Psychologists, ISSN 1938-2243.